Polygraph results fail to conform to the Frye doctrine and are therefore inadmissible as evidence in court. This doctrine, enunciated in Frye v. United States (1923) proclaims that, before the results of scientific tests will be admissible as evidence in a trial, the procedures used must be sufficiently established to have gained general acceptance in the particular field to which they belong. Most courts refuse to admit the results of polygraph (lie detector) tests in either civil or criminal proceedings unless admissibility is agreed to by both parties.
Polygraph results are frequently used in other situations, such as pre-employment or background tests. If this is the case, it begs the question of why these results should be excluded from courtrooms.
For this assignment, prepare a three-page memorandum to your supervisor, an attorney, addressing the admissibility of polygraph results.
In your memorandum:
- Analyze the current position of the U.S. Supreme Court with respect to reliability and admissibility of polygraph evidence.
- Determine the potential impact of Frye v. United States on criminal cases.
Create a 3 page Memo using APA format in accordance to the instructions above. Use 2 academically reviewed sources as references. Be sure to utilize in-text citations.