Supreme Court

Can you response each posted?

Here is the instruction below.

In 1803 The Supreme Court heard the case, Marbury v. Madison. Chief Justice John Marshall, writing on behalf of a unanimous court, stated “it is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is.” (Marbury v. Madison, 1803) In other words, the Supreme Court has the power to interpret law – be it congressional legislation or executive action. The Supreme Court’s power of judicial review is a salient component of this country’s ‘checks and balance’ system. Here is a full account of Marbury v. Madison.

Through the policy of judicial review The Supreme Court has influenced political, economic, and social law within the United States.

Directions: Please select two Supreme Court cases that have influenced American society. For each case:

  • Identify the historical circumstances of the case
  • Explain the Supreme Court’s decision
  • Evaluate the resulting impact of the case on U.S. society and you

1. FromNatalie Shermer posted Mar 3, 2018 12:43 AM

Case 1:

Miranda VS. Arizona-

Miranda was an individual that was under police custody, she was offering statements without being protected by the constitution. In the fifth amendment we are protected from self-incrimination. This case has made such a difference in the criminal justice field, I don’t think that anyone saw how much it would. These days when someone is under police custody they are read their Miranda rights, which state:

“You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to speak to an attorney, and to have an attorney present during any questioning.”

Case 2:

Meritor Savings Bank VS. Vinson-

A young lady named Mechelle Vinson worked for Meritor Savings Bank. Throughout that time, the banks VP Sidney Taylor kept making explicit sexual advances to her, and she said he even raped her. After all was said and done the bank fired her, and she filed a lawsuit on the bank. She claimed sexual harassment, and the courts denied her claims. They ruled that the relationship was a mutual thing, found favor in the bank and dismissed her case. She appealed, and the Supreme Court ruled in her favor, that she had in fact been harassed and it was discrimination. This case was the first time in history that the Supreme Court had ever decided that sexual harassment was a form of discrimination and that is not allowed. Thank ya Jesus!!

2. From:Johnny King posted Mar 2, 2018 7:43 AM

The first case that I want to discuss are Brown v. Board of Education, the case was about a black father trying to put his little girl in a all white school. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the favor of Brown stating that racial segregation of children in public schools was unconstitutional. The U. S District Court in Kansas agreed that segregation had a detrimental effect upon colored children. Brown v. Board of Education had an impact on my life as far as obtaining a viable education.

The second case is Miranda v. Arizona was a case where the fifth Amendment right against self incrimination came into play. Police Officers that arrest people must advise the individuals of their right to remain silent and their right to a Lawyer. Evidence of each confession was used at the trial against Miranda that helped convict him. Miranda appealed his conviction and the United States Supreme Court stated that any person arrested shall be informed of his Fifth Amendment rights which are the right to remain silent and the right to an attorney. This decision affect all person as a whole that are arrest by police. The courts clarified how police gather information after the arrest.

3. From: Stephenie Welch posted Mar 1, 2018 8:12 PM

The first case I would like to go over is the Miranda versus Arizona case. At the time that this case is being held no one could have predicted that it would have affected the criminal justice world as much as it did. This case states that well the defendant named Miranda was in police custody gave self incriminating statements and which Miranda was protected in the Constitution protected from self incrimination in the Fifth Amendment. In this case well Miranda was in custody giving statements at work and self-incriminating they were acquired an atmosphere overpowered by a police presence without any warning of the individuals constitutional rights that’s violating the individuals constitutional rights. This is where now we have to give an individual their Miranda rights while they are within custody if not the case could be lost or dismiss all together. I even see this in the corrections field when an inmate receives a write-up and either an officer messes up in the right up or the inmate is not given their rights when they received the right up.

The second case that I would like to go over is the Dred Scott versus Stanford case. This case made it all the way to the Supreme Court when an individual that was born in the United States of the African American descent was suing for his freedom. At the time it was ruled that he could not be freed even though he was born into America at the time that because of his descent being African-American he was not eligible for citizenship. When this case made it to the Supreme Court it was overthrown because of the Fourteenth Amendment was to Grant citizenship to all born in the United States nothing in that excludes the African American slaves that were descendants of the slaves that were brought to the Americas

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